|2. The UN's 'oil-for-food'
programme has helped, but not enough.
The sanctions which the UN imposed
after Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990 don't
ban imports of medicines or essential
foodstuffs. But they stopped Iraq
exporting oil and froze Iraqi bank
accounts abroad, so Iraq had no hard
currency to pay for imports.
The oil-for-food programme approved in
April 1995 allowed Iraq to export $2
billion worth of oil every six months, of
which $1.3 billion could be spent on food
and medicine, $600,000 would be put into
a compensation fund to pay for claims
against Iraq for war damages, and $80,000
would go towards UN expenses. But the UN
estimates that Iraq needs to spend $2.1
billion on food and medicine every six
months just to stop conditions getting